The general term given to an emotional state of apprehension or fear, especially of events that have not happened yet or things in the environment that do not pose a specific threat. Behaviors associated with anxiety include:
Anxious dogs can become aggressive, or afraid of going to places where scary things have happened. An anxious dog might react with fear to any unexpected object, like a Christmas tree left at the side of the road.
Also called Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome. A relatively newly-diagnosed condition in senior dogs, which presents some similarities to Alzheimer’s disease in humans. CCD is characterised by disturbed sleep and changes in activity patterns, a loss of housetraining, aimless wandering and the onset of compusive behaviors. The condition can be managed with medication if it is caught in early stages; selegiline is commonly prescribed.
An elective surgical procedure, aimed at reducing problem barking. The surgery is done by a vet, during which a small incision with a bladed or laser scalpel is made in the larynx, and some of the tissue of the vocal cords is removed. This results in a softer, muted bark, although results can vary.
Like in humans, epilepsy in dogs is described as sudden, unprovoked seizures that occur on a recurring basis in the dog’s life. Epileptic seizures can be caused by other medical issues like drops in blood sugar, by strokes or other brain injuries, or they can be idiopathic, meaning there is no specific trigger.
The humane killing of a dog, usually by massive dose of sedatives administered by injection.
A lesion on a dog’s skin, which comes up as the result of an allergen such as a flea bite or a food allergy. Also called acute moist or pyotramatic dermatitis. Hot spots are warm to the touch.
A gastrointestinal condition characterized by bouts of diarrhea and constipation, often caused by food intolerances and sometimes made worse by stress. IBS in dogs is often found alongside general anxiety.
A medical condition; open sores on a dog caused by persistent, excessive licking of the same place on the body.
A tick-borne disease that affects dogs in many countries, also called Lyme borreliosis. Lyme disease can cause many medical complications, and is associated with changes in behavior such as depression and increased sensitivity to touch, which may be misidentified as problems with obedience.
Lyme disease can be treated with antibiotics, but in some cases symptoms may never completely go away.
A microchip is a small device, containing a unique number that can be linked to an online database. The dog’s owners can enter their contact details alongside their dog’s microchip number in the database, allowing anyone who reads the chip to be able to call them and return their dog.
The microchip is inserted just under the dog’s skin by a vet, usually between the shoulder blades. It is read using a handheld scanner.
NR – Naturally Reared or sometimes Naturally Raised, means that a dog or puppy is not being given the usual kinds of preventive medical interventions. Breeders and owners who believe in Natural Rearing do not vaccinate their puppies or adult dogs, and may only use nutraceutical, plant-based and/or homeopathic preparations to treat any illnesses or infestations.
Advocates of Natural Rearing sometimes use the term “Poison Reared” – PR – to distinguish themselves from those breeders who choose to follow the recommendations of the veterinary profession.
OCD behaviors are a sign of anxiety or neurosis in a dog. Behaviors that a dog does without an obvious trigger, which he also cannot stop once started are labelled as obsessive compulsive. OCD behaviors are more common in dogs that have spent a long time in a confined space like a shelter. Examples of these behaviors:
Contraction of parvovirus, a contagious disease that can be fatal to puppies.
Stands for “Put To Sleep”. See euthanasia.
When a dog has excessive anxiety about being left alone by his owners. Can be accompanied by destructive and self-injurious behaviors and attempts to escape, although not always. Some dogs with separation anxiety are less anxious when left with other humans, or other dogs, but some are specifically anxious about being left by the humans they are most closely bonded to.
The name for any adverse reaction, or suspected adverse reaction, to a vaccination in a dog. It is not an officially recognized veterinary diagnosis as the term has been used to refer to both acute, short-term issues following vaccination such as swelling at the injection site and fever, and to long-term issues like arthritis, leukemia and behavioral problems.
A chemical compound that can be used to sterilize male dogs without surgery. It contains zinc gluconate and arginine, an amino acid.