(2) In behavior modification, a fear is generalized when a dog responds with equal anxiety or *aggression to all instances of an *aversive. For example, if a dog is treated badly by a tall woman with grey hair, it may cause him to become afraid of all tall women with grey hair. The fear has become generalized.
A grooming muzzle is a tube shaped piece of fabric that fits around the base of a dog’s muzzle and around the back of their ears.
It prevents a dog from opening their mouth wide enough to pant or bark, so it is not recommended for extended use.
(1) Behaviors associated with protecting an owner’s resource, for example livestock or property, from intruders. Some breed types, for example Livestock Guardian Dogs, have been deliberately created with enhanced tendencies towards guarding.
(2) A shortened term for resource guarding, a common behavior problem in dogs.