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P, P

Positive Punishment

One of the four quadrants of learning theory, used for behavior modification and shortened to P+. When a dog performs a behavior, a stimulus is administered with the aim of producing a decrease in that behavior.

For example, when a dog walks over the boundary of an invisible fence, he is given an electric shock. If the shock is strong enough, he will associate it with walking to that place, and choose not to walk there again.