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Negative Reinforcement

One of the four quadrants in learning theory, shortened to R-. A consequence to a behavior that takes something negative away from the dog, therefore making the behavior more likely to occur under the same circumstance.

For example, an owner says “Sit!” and pushes down on a dog’s back end, which feels uncomfortable. The dog sits, thus relieving the pressure. Next time the owner says, “Sit!”, the dog is more likely to do so.