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Contingency

A complete description of the way the environment is arranged, the stimulus, and the behavior the dog performs.

An operant contingency is a description of the conditions under which a behavior produces a response – either a reward or a punishment. A respondent contingency is a description of the conditions under which an unconditioned stimulus is paired with a conditioned stimulus to create an association.

A zero contingency is where the unconditioned and conditioned stimuli occur randomly, so no association is made.